/revised 24 Jul 2005
Postage due items from USA to Sweden
1 Oct 1907 to 30 Jun 1911
US foreign surface letter rate 5 c
US Conversion rate 1 US cent = 5 goldcentimes
Swedish conversion rate 1 goldcentime = 0.8 öre
US handstamp shows amount to pay in goldcentimes, normally double deficiency.
In Sweden the indicated amount was multiplied by 0.8 is and marked on the item. The amount due was paid in cash.

Postcard with 1 cent. Correct rate 2 cent. Shortpaid 1 cent. US due handstamp shows 2x1x5=10 centimes. Swedish due manuscript 8 which was to be paid in cash.